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BBC六分钟英语单词: 短语动词和语境

kira86 于2020-10-13发布
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本期BBC六分钟单词将学习动词短语,例如move In, move on, move out and get on。介词in、on或out可以完全改变动词短语的意思。以及语境。
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Phrasal verbs and context

短语动词和语境

Neil: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I'm Neil...

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版哈喽,欢迎来到6分钟单词。我是Neil……

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Catherine: And I'm Catherine. In this programme we're looking at multi-word verbs like move in, move on, move out and get on, and we call these phrasal verbs. And prepositions like in, on, or out can completely change the meaning of phrasal verbs...

我是Catherine。在本期节目中,我们将学习动词短语,例如move In, move on, move out and get on。介词in、on或out可以完全改变动词短语的意思。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Neil: ...so we'll be looking at these verbs in sentences to help us understand their meanings.

...所以我们会看看这些句子中的动词来帮助我们理解它们的意思。

Catherine: Let's start by listening to Robin. He's having problems with his housemate, Pete. And here's a question for you while you listen. Why is Robin unhappy with Pete?

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版我们首先听听robin的录音。他正和室友Pete闹矛盾呢。边听边思考一个问题:robin为什么对Pete不满意?

Robin: Pete moved in three months ago. We got on well at first - we were friends - but now it's terrible. He's so messy! And he keeps disturbing me when I'm trying to get on with my college work. It's really time for us to move on - we can't be friends anymore. I'm going to ask him to move out and live somewhere else, but he gets on with my family - my brother really likes him - so it'll be difficult.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版皮特三个月前搬进来的。我们一开始相处得很好——我们是朋友——但现在很糟糕。他生活太邋遢了!当我要开始我的大学学业时,他总是打扰我。我们是时候谈谈这个问题了——我们不能再做朋友了。我打算叫他搬出去,搬到别的地方去住,但是他和我的家人相处得很好——我哥哥很喜欢他——所以这很难。

Neil: OK. So we asked you: why is Robin unhappy with Pete?

好了。那么问题是:robin为什么对Pete不满意?

Catherine: It's because Pete is messy and keeps disturbing him. What do you think of that, Neil?

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版因为Pete生活邋遢并一直打扰他。你觉得怎么样,Neil?

Neil: Well, I'm not surprised then. They were friends at first. Here's what Robin said:

好吧,我对此不是太惊讶。他们起先是朋友。这是robin的原话:

INSERT 1 CLIP 1: We got on well at first - we were friends...

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版我们一开始相处得很好——我们是朋友……

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Catherine: Right. So, here, get on means have a good relationship. And we can work out the meaning of get on by listening to what Robin said next. He said: we were friends.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版是的。所以,在这里,get on的意思是保持良好的关系。我们可以通过听Robin接下来说的话来理解get on的意思。他说:我们是朋友。

Neil: What about Pete's relationship with Robin's family?

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Pete和robin家人的关系怎么样?

INSERT 1 CLIP 2: ...he gets on with my family - my brother really likes him...

…他和我的家人相处得很好——我哥哥真的很喜欢他……

Catherine: So Pete and Robin's family have a good relationship. And to add an object to the verb get on, we use the preposition with.

所以Pete和robin家人相处的很好。要给动词get on加宾语就要使用介词with。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Neil: That's right. We can say: Pete and Robin's family get on. And we can also say: Pete gets on with Robin's family.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版没错。我们可以说:Pete and Robin's family get on:Pete和robin的家人相处得很好。我们也可以说:Pete gets on with Robin's family.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Catherine: We can. Now listen to get on in this clip.

可以这么说。现在听这段录音。

INSERT 1 CLIP 3: ...and he keeps disturbing me when I'm trying to get on with my college work.

…当我要开始我的大学学业时,他总是打扰我。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Neil: This time, get on with isn't about a relationship.

这一次,get on with表示的不是一段关系。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Catherine: No, it isn't. In this one, get on with means do, or continue doing, something.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版对,不是的。这其中的get on with意思是做某事或持续做某事。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Neil: But Robin can't get on with it because Pete keeps disturbing him. Pete stops Robin finishing his work. And to understand what get on with means in each of these contexts, we have to pay attention to the words around each verb phrase.

但robin没有办法继续下去,因为Pete一直在打扰他。Pete阻止robin完成他的工作。为了理解get on with在这些语境中的意思,我们必须注意每个动词短语周围的单词。

Catherine: We do. So, get on with usually means have a good relationship when the sentence around it is talking about people.

所以,当它周围的句子是在谈论人的时候,get on with通常的意思是指一个良好的关系。

Neil: Get on with is usually about finishing something if we're talking about work, studies or a project.

如果我们谈论的是工作、学习或项目时,Get on with通常指完成某事。

6 Minute Vocabulary, from BBC Learning English.

你正在收听的是BBC英语学习频道。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Neil: And we're talking about phrasal verbs. We've looked at get on and get on with to talk about relationships.

我们讲的是动词短语。我们已经讨论了get on和get on表示人际关系时的用法。

Catherine: My brother and sister don't get on, but I get on with both of them.

我的兄弟姐妹合不来,但我和他们两个都合得来。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Neil: Oh, lucky you.

哦,那你很幸运。

Catherine: I know.

我知道。

Neil: And get on with when we're talking about work.

我们讨论工作的时候也用 get on with

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Catherine: I'm getting on with my work, Neil.

我还在继续工作,Neil。

Neil: Good! And we work out which meaning is which by listening to the context. Let's get on with the programme and take a look at some phrasal verbs with move. Here's a clip.

很好!我们通过听上下文来判断到底是哪个意思。让我们继续今天的节目,看看一些带有move的动词短语。以下是一段录音节选。

INSERT CLIP 3: Pete moved in three months ago ... It's really time for us to move on ... I'm going to ask him to move out and live somewhere else ...

Pete三个月前搬进来了……我们真的该好好谈谈了……我打算叫他搬出去,搬到别的地方去住……

Catherine: So we had move in, move on and move out.

所以有move in, move on 和 move out这几个词。

Neil: Move in means start to live in a place. If you want to say who you're starting to live with, use with, like this:

Move in的意思是开始住在一个地方。如果你想说你开始和谁一起生活,可以这样说:

Catherine: Pete moved in with Robin six months ago.

Pete 六个月前搬去和Robin一起住了。

Neil: To say the place that someone started living, use into instead of in.

要表示开始生活的地方,用into而不是in。

Catherine: Pete moved into Robin's house six months ago.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Pete 六个月前搬进了Robin的房子。

Neil: Now, move out is the opposite. It's when you stop living somewhere and go to live somewhere new. So it describes a change.

其反义词是move out,意思是不再居住在某地,搬去新地方住。所以描述了一种变化。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Catherine: It does. And move on also describes a change, but not just about housing: move on has a sense of progressing to something different. So, Robin is going to end his friendship with Pete, Neil.

是的。Move on描述的也是一种变化,但并不只与房屋有关:move on有一种向不同方向发展的意味。Robin要结束和Pete的友谊了,Neil。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Neil: Well that's certainly a change. And now we must move on too: It's quiz time! Number one. I'm getting on with my school project. Is getting on with here about a) a relationship or b) finishing something?

这当然是一种变化。现在我们必须继续了:是时候做个测验了!第一题:我正在进行我的学校作业。这里的getting on with表达的是什么?

Catherine: And it's b). It's about finishing something - a school project. Number two. I'm not very happy with my job. I'll have to a) move in, b) move out, or c) move on.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版答案是b). 指完成某事——学校作业。第二题:我对我的工作不太满意。我必须要……

Neil: And it's c) move on. It's about changing to something new. Last one. I've just found a new flat. I'm a) moving in or b) moving on next week.

答案是move on.,指关于改变一些新的东西。 最后一题:我刚找到了一所新寓。我下星期就要……

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Catherine: And it's a) moving in. That's what we say about starting to live somewhere.

答案是a)搬进来。这就是我们说的开始在某个地方生活。

Neil: And that's the end of the quiz.

考试结束。

Catherine: But before we go, here's that top tip for learning vocabulary. When you see or hear a phrasal verb, pay close attention to all the words in the sentence. Write the sentence down if you can. That will help you learn and remember the meaning.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版结束之前,留给大家一个学习词汇的最佳窍门。当你看到或听到一个动词短语时,要密切注意这个句子中的所有单词。如果可以的话,把这个句子写下来。这将帮助你学习和记忆的释义。

Neil: That's a good tip. There's more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again soon for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

真是个好技巧。更多相关内容尽在bbclearningenglish.com. 下期节目再见。

Both: Bye!

再见!

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