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BBC六分钟英语单词: 形容词后缀-ic 和-ical

kira86 于2020-09-08发布
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本期BBC六分钟英语单词,将来学习以i-c结尾的形容词,发音为 ic, 以及以i-c-a-l结尾的形容词,发音为ical.
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京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版-ic and -ical adjectives

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版-ic 和-ical形容词

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Catherine: Hello! I'm Catherine, and this is Rob.

哈喽!我是Catherine,这是Rob

Rob: Yes, hello! And welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. Today we're talking about adjectives that end in i-c, pronounced ic, and adjectives that end in i-c-a-l, pronounced ical.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版哈喽!欢迎来到6分钟单词。我们今天来讲解i-c结尾的形容词,发音为 ic, 以及i-c-a-l结尾的形容词,发音为ical.

Catherine: First, let's listen to Hannah. She's talking about her favourite books.

我们先来听Hannah谈论她最喜欢的书的录音。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Rob: Our question today is: why does Hannah get most of her books from the library? Listen carefully and find out!

今天的问题是:为什么Hannah大部分的书都是从图书馆借来的?仔细听并找出答案!

Hannah: I'm always reading! I like classic English novels, by writers like Jane Austen or Charles Dickens. I also like non-fiction; especially books about interesting historical characters. I love buying books, but it's so expensive! Mostly, I borrow books from the library. It's much more economical.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版我经常阅读!我喜欢简·奥斯汀或查尔斯·狄更斯等作家写的经典英国小说。我也喜欢非小说类作品;尤其是关于有趣的历史人物的书。我喜欢买书,但是太贵了!大多数时候,我从图书馆借书。这样更经济。

Catherine: So, why does Hannah prefer to get her books from the library? Because it's more economical.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版那么,Hannah为什么更喜欢从图书馆借书呢?因为这样更经济。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Rob: Hannah mentioned that she likes to read novels. Do you remember what type of novels she likes to read? Listen once again:

Hannah提到她喜欢读小说。你还记得她喜欢看什么类型的小说吗?再听一遍录音:

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版INSERT 1 CLIP 1: I like classic English novels, by writers like Jane Austen or Charles Dickens.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版我喜欢简·奥斯汀或查尔斯·狄更斯等作家写的经典英国小说。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Catherine: Hannah said she likes to read classic novels. The word classic ends in i-c. It's an adjective that describes something that's a particularly good example of a category - or a particularly famous example.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Hannah说她喜欢读经典小说。单词classic以i-c结尾。它是一个形容词,用来描述一个类别中特别好的例子——或者一个特别著名的例子。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Rob: So, novels by Jane Austen and Charles Dickens are classic, because they're particularly good, and very famous, examples of novels. And they've been popular for a long time, so we could say they've stood the test of time.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版简·奥斯汀和查尔斯·狄更斯的小说都是经典之作,因为它们都是非常优秀,非常有名的小说范例。它们已经流行了很长时间,所以我们可以说它们经受住了时间的考验。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Catherine: Exactly, a bit like you Rob.

没错,有点像你,Rob。

Rob: Thank you.

谢谢你。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Catherine: You're welcome. But be careful because people often confuse classic with another adjective: classical. Now classical, ending in i-c-a-l has a slightly different meaning - it describes a formal and often quite old style of art in forms such as painting, theatre, architecture and so on. Rob, do you like classical music?

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版不客气。但是要小心,因为人们经常把classic和另一个形容词classical混淆。现在,以i-c-a-l结尾的“古典”一词有了稍微不同的含义——它描述了一种正式的、通常是相当古老的艺术形式,如绘画、戏剧、建筑等。罗布,你喜欢古典音乐吗?

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Rob: Oh. Occasionally, but I do find it a bit heavy going.

哦。偶尔听听,但我确实觉得它有点沉重。

Catherine: A bit much is it?

有点吧?

Rob: Sometimes, yes.

是的,有时候。

Catherine: You're more of a Beyoncé man?

你更喜欢Beyoncé?

Rob: Yes, that's me.

是的。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Catherine: OK, so let's listen again to another clip:

好吧,我们再来听另一段录音:

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版INSERT 1 CLIP 2: I also like non-fiction; especially books about interesting historical characters.

我也喜欢非小说类作品;尤其是关于有趣的历史人物的书。

Catherine: Historical is another i-c-a-l adjective - and it means 'connected to stories about the past'. So Rob - name me a historical character that you particularly identify with.

Historical是另一个i-c-a-l结尾的形容词,它的意思是“与过去的故事有关”。 Rob,给我举一个你特别认同的历史人物。

Rob: That's a hard one, but I'd say Captain Cook. He liked to travel and he went round the world discovering new places, which is something I like to do.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版这很难回答,但我认为是库克船长。他喜欢旅行,他周游世界,发现新的地方,这是我喜欢做的事情。

Catherine: You do, don't you.

你也喜欢,不是吗?

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Rob: So I can identify with him, yes. Moving on... now the i-c adjective - historic - has a slightly different meaning: it describes something important, or something that will people will remember for a long time.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版是的,所以我能认同他。继续……i-c结尾的形容词historic有一个稍微不同的意思:它描述一些重要的事情,或者一些人们将会记住很长时间的事情。

Catherine: So, if something really important and amazing happens today, we'll say today is a historic day. Like the day Newcastle United wins the European cup Rob!

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版所以,如果今天发生了非常重要和惊人的事情,我们会说今天是历史性的一天。就像纽卡斯尔联队赢得欧洲杯的那一天,Rob!

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Rob: OK, in your dreams I think.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版好吧,我觉得你就是在做梦。

Catherine: Well maybe, but if it ever happened it would be a historic day. Now a quick pronunciation tip for you: we pronounce historic and historical with the stress on the same syllable in both words,the 'to'. And it's the same with classic and classical: in both words, the stress is on the same syllable, this time, 'cla'.

也许吧,但如果真的发生了,那将是历史性的一天。现在给你一个快速的发音提示:我们在发出historic和historical时,重音都在同一个音节上,即“to”。 classic 和classical都是一样的:这两个词的重音都在同一个音节上,这次是“cla”。

Rob: So: Historic, historical. Classic, classical.

所以:Historic, historical. Classic, classical.

Catherine: Yeah.

是的。

Rob: Now listen again to one more clip:

现在再来听一段录音:

INSERT 1 CLIP 3: Mostly, I borrow books from the library. It's much more economical.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版大多数时候,我从图书馆借书。这样更经济。

Rob: So, we use the adjective economical - or as some people say, economical - with i-c-a-l when something is cheap, or good value for money.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版所以,当某物很便宜,或者物超所值的时候,我们就用形容词economical。或者像一些人说的,用 i-c-a-l结尾的economical 连用。

Catherine: But the adjective economic with i-c has a different meaning: economic means 'connected to the subject of money and finance'.

但是i-c结尾的形容词economic有不同的含义:economic的意思是“与货币和金融相关的”。

Rob: So, we might say, the bus is more economical than the train, and we would say, the country has economic problems.

所以,我们可能会说:公共汽车比火车更经济。我们也可以说:这个国家有经济问题。

You're listening to bbclearningenglish.com.

你正在收听的是BBC英语学习节目。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Catherine: And we're talking about adjectives that end in -ic and -ical.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版我们正在讲解以–ic 和–ical结尾的形容词。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Rob: Like economic and economical.

比如economic和economical。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Catherine: And now it's time for a little quiz! Listen to this, then answer question one.

现在是时候做一个小测验了!听录音,然后回答问题1。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Rob: Question one: was that an example of classic music, or was it classical music?

问题一:这是classic music还是classical music?

Catherine: It was classical music. Not too much for you Rob?

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版是classical music(经典音乐)。你不太喜欢的,对吧,Rob?

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Rob: No, it's enough, just enough.

不,够了,别放了。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Catherine: Okay, question two: if you watch a film about the past, is it a historic film or a historical film?

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版好吧,第二题:如果你看一部关于过去的电影,是 historic film还是historical film?

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Rob: It's a historical film. Last question! If you read the news about business and the financial markets, are you reading the economic news or the economical news?

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版是historical film。 最后一题!如果你读有关商业和金融市场的新闻,你读的是economic news还是 economical news?

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Catherine: And that's the economic news. And that's the end of the quiz. Well done!

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版是economic news。测验结束。干得好!

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Rob: Yes, well done. Finally, here's a piece of vocabulary learning advice. Learning vocabulary alone is okay, but it's often more effective to work together with a study partner. Find someone who is learning English, get together regularly, and give each other vocabulary tests!

是的,做得好。最后,这里有一条词汇学习建议。独自学习词汇是可以的,但与学习伙伴一起学习通常更有效。找一个正在学习英语的人,定期聚会,互相做词汇测试!

Catherine: There's more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again soon for more 6 Minute Vocabulary. Bye!

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版更多内容尽在bbclearningenglish.com. 下期节目再见!

Rob: Bye!

再见!

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