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BBC六分钟英语: 为什么你应该与陌生人交谈?

kira86 于2020-09-18发布
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研究发现,与陌生人交谈可不仅仅是交朋友这点好处,还能影响你的心理健康,提升你的幸福指数。一起来看看是怎么回事吧~
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Chatting to new people

与陌生人交谈

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Neil: Hello. This is 6 Minute English and I'm Neil. Joining me for our discussion is Georgina.

哈喽,这里是6分钟英语,我是尼尔。和我一起的是乔治娜。

Georgina: Hello!

大家好!

Neil: Now, Georgina, you're a chatty, sociable kind of person, aren't you?

乔治娜,你是个健谈,善于交际的人,对吗?

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Georgina: Well, yes, I think so.

嗯,是的,我觉得是。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Neil: But would you go up to a stranger and strike up a conversation?

但你会走向一个陌生人并开始交谈吗?

Georgina: That might be going too far - if you don't know them, what are you going to start talking about?

这可能有点过分了——如果你不认识他们,你要开始谈些什么呢?

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Neil: A good question. But maybe you should - because in this programme we're looking at how talking to strangers might actually be good for you! But first, let me talk to you about today's question. I'd like you to answer this. To make conversation we need words - so according to the Oxford English dictionary, approximately how many words are in use in the English language? Is it... a) 171,146 b) 271,146 c) 371,146

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版一个很好的问题。但也许你应该这样做——因为在本期节目中,我们将探讨如何与陌生人交谈对你有好处!但首先,让我来问一个今天的问题。我希望你能回答这个问题。要进行对话,我们需要词汇——所以根据《牛津英语词典》,英语中大约有多少在用的词汇?是a) 171,146 b) 271,146 c) 371,146

Georgina: We use a lot of words in English, but not 371,000 - so I'll go for a) 171,146.

我们使用的英语词汇很多,但没有371000个——所以我选a)171146.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Neil: OK. Well, as always I will reveal the answer later in the programme. Now, let's continue our conversation about having conversations with strangers! Many of us spend part of every day surrounded by strangers, whether on our commute to work, sitting in a park or cafe, or visiting the supermarket.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版好的。和往常一样,我将在稍后的节目中揭晓答案。现在,让我们继续我们与陌生人交谈的话题!我们很多人每天都会有一段时间被陌生人包围,无论是在上班的路上,还是在公园或咖啡馆里,或是逛超市。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Georgina: But we rarely reach out and talk to them because we fear it would make us both feel uncomfortable - or awkward. And Gillian Sandstrom, social psychologist from Essex University in the UK, can explain why. Here she is speaking on BBC Radio 4's All In The Mind programme....

但我们很少主动前去和他们交谈,因为我们担心这会使双方都感到不舒服——或尴尬。英国埃塞克斯大学的社会心理学家吉莉安·桑德斯通可以解释其中的原因。这是她在BBC广播4台的《心灵深处》节目中说的话。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Gillian Sandstrom, Social psychologist, Essex University: We kind of underestimate, we have this negative voice in our head that's telling us "I shouldn't have said that, why did I do that? I said that story better last time". But the other person doesn't know any of that and they're probably... they might be anticipating that they won't have a positive conversation and then they do. And they think, wow, that person was amazing. So we walk round with this fear that the other person isn't going to be interested in talking to us.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版我们有点低估了,我们的脑海中会有一个消极的声音告诉我们“我不应该那样说,我为什么要那样做?我上次说这个故事好多了。”但是另一个人不知道这些,他们可能不会料到会有一个积极的谈话,但结果却是肯定的。他们会想,哇,那个人太棒了。所以我们带着这种恐惧四处走动,害怕对方不会对和我们交谈感兴趣。

Georgina: Fascinating stuff. So we have a negative voice in our head telling us about all the bad things that might happen. We basically underestimate ourselves.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版真是有趣。所以我们的大脑中有一个消极的声音告诉我们所有可能发生的不好的事情。我们基本上低估了自己。

Neil: To underestimate means to think that something is smaller or less important than it really is. We worry that what we say won't be interesting or important enough.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版“低估”的意思是认为某件事比它的实际情况要小或不那么重要。我们担心自己说的话不够有趣或重要。

Georgina: Ah, but the other person doesn't know that. They're also anticipating - or guessing - the outcome. They're thinking that if they have a conversation, it won't go well. But of course, when strangers do talk to each other it normally goes well.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版啊,但是另一个人不知道。他们也在期待——或者猜测——结果。他们认为如果他们进行了一次谈话,不会进展顺利的。当然,当陌生人相互交谈时,通常情况下都很顺利。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Neil: Yes, it's just fear that is stopping us. But if we get over that fear, and get chatting, people might actually like us - and we might make new friends.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版是的,我们只是被恐惧吓住了。但如果我们克服恐惧,开始聊天,人们可能会喜欢我们——我们可能会交新朋友。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Georgina: Another reason why you should pluck up the courage to talk to strangers is that it's good for our health!

另一个你应该鼓起勇气和陌生人说话的原因是它对我们的健康有好处!

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Neil: 'Pluck up the courage' - that's a good phrase, Georgina, meaning force yourself to do something that you're scared about and... research by the University of Chicago found we may often underestimate the positive impact of connecting with others for both our own and others' wellbeing.

“鼓起勇气”——乔治娜,这是一个很好的短语,意思是强迫自己去做害怕的事情……芝加哥大学的研究发现,我们可能经常低估了与他人交往对我们自己和他人幸福的积极影响。

Georgina: And connecting here means starting or having a good relationship with someone. So the research found that, for example, having a conversation with a stranger on your way to work may leave you both feeling happier than you would think.

连接在这里意味着开始或与某人建立良好的关系。因此,研究发现,例如,在上班途中与陌生人交谈可能会让你们俩都比自己想象的更快乐。

Neil: Gillian Sandstrom also spoke about her research and the power of talking to strangers on the You and Yours programme. Listen out for the word 'connected'...

吉莉安·桑德斯通也在《你和你的家庭成员》节目中谈到了她的研究以及与陌生人交谈的力量。留心听一下‘connected’这个单词……

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Gillian Sandstrom, Social psychologist, Essex University: What we've shown in the research is that it's really good for your mood. So people are in a better mood after they reach out and have a conversation, however minimal, and the other thing that the research has shown is that just makes people feel more connected to each other.

我们的研究表明,它对你的心情真的非常有好处。所以当人们伸出手进行交谈之后,他们的心情会好一些,不管交谈的次数有多少。研究还表明,交谈能让人们感觉彼此之间的联系更加紧密。

Neil: There you go! Talking to strangers is good for our mood - and mood means the way we feel. It's good for our mental health - and we might discover people actually like us! And even if we're an introvert - a person who prefers to be alone rather than with other people - experiments have shown that talking to others can make us happier.

这下懂了吧!和陌生人交谈对我们的情绪有好处——而情绪表示我们的感觉。这对我们的心理健康有好处——我们可能会发现人们真的喜欢我们!即使我们是一个内向的人——一个喜欢独处而不是和别人在一起的人——实验表明,和别人交谈可以让我们更快乐。

Georgina: The problem remains, Neil, that when speaking to someone new, what do you talk about?

还有问题,尼尔。和陌生人谈话时说些什么呢?

Neil: How about some interesting facts - like approximately how many words are in use in the English language? Which is what I asked you earlier. Is it?

a) 171,146 b) 271,146 c) 371,146

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版What did you say, Georgina?

谈些有趣的真事如何——比如英语中大约有多少在用的词汇?这也正是我刚刚问你的问题,对吧?是a) 171,146 b) 271,146 还是c) 371,146?你选的是哪个,乔治娜?

Georgina: I said 171,146. Was I right?

我说的是171146,对了吗?

Neil: Spot on, Georgina. Well done! Yes, there are an estimated 171,146 words currently in use in the English language, according to the Oxford English Dictionary -plus many more obsolete words.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版完全正确,乔治娜,好样的!是的,据牛津英语词典统计——加上过时的单词,目前英语中在用的词汇预计有171146个

Georgina: I shall pick a few of them and make conversation with someone on the Tube later, but not before we recap some of the vocabulary we've explained.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版我将挑选其中的几个,稍后在地铁上和某人聊一聊,但在此之前,我们要重述一下我们解释过的词汇。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Neil: Yes - so we highlighted six words, starting with underestimate which is to think that something is smaller or less important than it really is.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版是的——所以我们强调了六个词,首先是“低估”,意思是认为某件事比它的实际情况更小或不那么重要。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Georgina: Anticipating means guessing or expecting a certain outcome. I anticipate this programme to be 6 minutes long!

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版预期意味着猜测或期待一个特定的结果。我预计这个节目有6分钟长!

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Neil: That's a given! Next, we mentioned the phrase to pluck up the courage,meaning to force yourself to do something that you're scared or nervous about.

那是设定好的!接下来,我们提到了短语to pick up the courage,意思是强迫自己做你害怕或紧张的事情。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Georgina: When you connect with someone, it means you start or have a good relationship with someone. I think we've connected on this programme, Neil!

当你与某人联系时,这意味着你开始与某人建立良好的关系。我想我们在这个节目上已经联系上了,尼尔!

Neil: Absolutely, Georgina. And that's put me in a good mood - mood means the way we feel.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版当然,乔治娜。这让我心情很好——心情是指我们的感觉。

Georgina: And finally, an introvert is a person who prefers to spend time on their own.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版最后,内向指的是喜欢独处的人。

Neil: Thanks, Georgina. Well, that's our conversation over, but you can hear more from us on our website and on our app. Goodbye!

谢谢,乔治娜。好了,今天的节目到此结束,但是你可以在我们的网站和应用上听到更多。再见!

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Georgina: Bye!

再见!

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