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英语单词

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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 30(单词带例句)

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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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aphorism

n. short, wise saying 格言;警语

The aphorism by which Sonya conducts her business is, "Time is money."

桑雅处理业务所遵循的座右铭是:「时间就是金钱。」

Synonym

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版同义词:maxim; dictum; adage; precept

cauterize

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版v. to bum with a caustic substance or with a hot iron 烧灼

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版To stop the bleeding, the doctor had to cauterize the artery.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版为了止血,医生必须烧灼动脉。

* artery

动脉

complicity

n. taking part with another person in crime 共谋

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Otis' complicity in hiding stolen goods for Tony made him guilty of the crime too.

奥提斯为东尼保管赃物,这种共谋的行为,使他也有罪。

Synonym

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版同义词:conspiracy; collusion; connivance

conformity

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版n. agreement 一致

Japanese society prizes conformity over individuality, beating down the nail that sticks out.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版日本社会重视一致性,而非个人主义,他们会打击崭露头角的人。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版* beat down

打倒;压制

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版* stick out

突出

Synonym

同义词:consistency; uniformity; congruity

decrepitude

n. state of being old and weak 衰老;破旧

The decrepitude of the building made it more economical to tear it down and rebuild than to renovate.

将这栋破旧的建筑物拆掉重建,要比整修来得划算。

* renovate

修复

Synonym

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版同义词:senility; dilapidation

defeatist

n. person whose attitude is based on expectations of defeat 失败主义者

Thomas is a defeatist who never considers the possibility of success.

汤玛斯是个失败主义者,他从来都不觉得会有成功的可能。

ductile

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版adj. 1. metal capable of being drawn into wire 可延展的 2. easily managed 驯良的

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Copper is very ductile and can be made into very fine wires.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版铜的延展性很好,可以制成非常细的铜丝。

Ductile work beasts, such as oxen, make good plow animals.

温驯的役兽,例如牛,是很好的犁田动物。

* copper

* plow

犁;耕地

Synonym

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版同义词:1. plastic; malleable 2. docile

eccentricity

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版n. strangeness of behavior; strange habit 古怪;怪癖

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版As Geoffrey was such a nice elderly man, most people just put up with his eccentricity.

因为杰佛瑞是个非常亲切的老人,所以大多数人都会容忍他的怪癖。

* put up with

忍受

Synonym

同义词:idiosyncrasy; singularity; oddity; weirdness

entomology

n. study of insects 昆虫学

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Students majoring in entomology were busy watching ants carrying bits of food in the grass.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版昆虫学系的学生正忙着观察蚂蚁在草地上搬运食物。

ethnology

n. study of the races of mankind 人种学

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Ethnology is a branch of anthropology.

人种学是人类学的一个分科。

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版* anthropology

人类学

etymology

n. (study of) the origin and history of words 语源(学)

The professor explained that the etymology of the word was Greek and that it meant "stranger."

教授解释,那个字的语源是希腊文,意思是「陌生人」。

fortitude

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版n. strength, courage in the face of danger, pain, or difficulty 坚忍;刚毅

The town dealt with the aftermath of the hurricane with moving fortitude.

那个城镇的镇民以感人的坚忍态度,处理飓风过后的残局。

* aftermath

(灾害等的)余波;后果

* hurricane

飓风

Synonym

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版同义词:perseverance; endurance; intrepidity

Antonym

反义词:cowardice; timidity

hedonism

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版n. belief that pleasure is the chief good 享乐主义

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Leaving the hard life of the farm, Barney headed for the hedonism of the big city.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版脱离农场艰苦的生活,巴尼追求大城市的享乐。

Antonym

反义词:asceticism

latitude

n. freedom in action or opinion (行动或百论的)自由范围

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版The teacher has given us a lot of latitude in choosing how to make our presentation on ancient Greece.

关于如何针对古希腊这个主题提出报告,老师给予我们很多选择的自由。

Synonym

同义词:liberty; freedom

memorialize

v. to keep the memory of 纪念

The battle was memorialized with a huge statue of three soldiers raising the flag.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版为了纪念这次战役,人们建造了一座由三位士兵高举着国旗的巨大雕像。

Synonym

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版同义词:commemorate; monumentalize

oculist

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版n. doctor of diseases of eyes 眼科医师

The oculists of the seventeenth century were amazed with the uses of improved glass lenses.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版十七世纪的眼科医师,对于矫正镜片的使用,感到惊奇。

optimism

n. tendency to look upon the bright side of things 乐天主义;乐观

Laura's optimism was contagious, and soon the whole family believed the new business would succeed.

罗拉的乐观具有感染力,很快地全家人都相信新的事业会成功。

* contagious

传染性的

Synonym

同义词:sanguineness

Antonym

反义词:pessimism; defeatism

ornithologist

n. expert in the study of birds 鸟类学家

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Several ornithologists were invited to the park to survey the number of rare eagles nesting there.

有几位鸟类学家受邀至公园,调査在那里筑巢的稀有老鹰的数量。

passivism

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版n. failure to respond actively 消极主义

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Eddie never joined class discussions and his passivism in class kept him from learning even more.

艾迪从不参与班上的讨论,他在班上的消极态度,使他无法学到更多。

proximity

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版n. nearness 接近

 

adj. proximate

Our campus' proximity to downtown allows students to enjoy the cultural activities of the city.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版我们的校园靠近市中心,方便学生参与市内的文化活动。

Synonym

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版同义词:contiguity; adjacency; vicinity

Antonym

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版反义词:farness; remoteness; distance

puerile

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版adj. like a child 像小孩的;幼稚的

Paul's puerile behavior embarrassed Jennifer so much that she left the party.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版保罗幼稚的行为使珍妮佛感到十分困窘,因此她离开了宴会。

Synonym

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版同义词:childish; juvenile; naive

rationalize

v. to reason 使合理化;找籍口

Tina rationalized eating three chocolate bars for lunch by promising she would go on a diet tomorrow.

蒂娜以答应明天开始减肥作籍口,午餐时吃了三条巧克力。

Synonym

同义词:justify; account for

sagacity

n. wisdom 睿智;精明

 

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版adj. sagacious

My grandmother was well respected and everyone sought out Grandma's sagacity on a wide variety of topics.

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版我的祖母德高望重,人们有各式各样的问题,都仰赖祖母的睿智来解决。

Synonym

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版同义词:insight; judiciousness; sageness

sophist

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版n. person who uses clever but misleading arguments 诡辩家

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Angela's uncle warned her of the many sophists working in government and told her to watch herself.

安琪拉的叔叔警告她,有许多爱诡辩的人在政府机构做事,她自己要小心。

victimize

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版v. to make a victim 使牺牲;使受害

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版Most rape victims are not only hurt by their attackers, but are also victimized by an unfeeling and unfair judicial system.

大多数强暴案的受害人,不仅受到攻击者的伤害,还成为无情又不公平的司法制度下的牺牲品。

Synonym

京葡国际澳门在线,捕鱼游戏下载手机版同义词:sacrifice

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